Selected Risk Communication Readings

“Risk Communication, the West Nile Virus Epidemic, and Bio-terrorism: Responding to the Communication Challenges Posed by the Intentional or Unintentional Release of a Pathogen in an Urban Setting.”
Covello, V., Peters, R., Wojtecki, J., and Hyde, R.
Journal of Urban Health. Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 2001: 78(2)(June):382-391.


Fischhoff B.
Risk perception and communication unplugged: Twenty years of progress.
Risk Analysis 1995;15(2):137-145.
National Research Council.
Improving Risk Communication.
Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press; 1989.


National Research Council. Improving Risk Communication. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press; 1989.


Slovic P.
“Perception of Risk.”
Science. 1987;236:280-285


Additional Readings

  1. Bok, S. Lying. Moral Choice in Public and Private Life. Macmillan. New York. 1989.
  2. Covello VT. 1999. Risk communication, children’s health, and environmental tobacco smoke. In Proceedings of the World Health Organization Consultation on Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Children’s Health. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1999.
  3. Covello VT, McCallum DB, Pavlova MT. “Principles and guidelines for improving risk communication.” In: Covello VT, McCallum DB, Pavlova MT, eds. Effective Risk Communication: The Role and Responsibility of Government and Non-government Organizations. New York, NY: Plenum Press. 1989.
  4. Ekman, P. Telling Lies: Clues to Deception. New York. Norton. 1992.
  5. Fisher, R. and Ury, W. Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In. New York. Peguin. 1991.
  6. Knapp, M. and Hall, J. Nonverbal Communication in Human Interaction. Fort Worth. Harcourt Brace. 1992.
  7. Morris, D. Body Talk: The Meaning of Human Gestures. Crown. New York. 1994.
  8. Seligman, M. Learned Optimism. New York. Knopf. 1991.
  9. Seligman, M. The Optimistic Child. New York. Houghton. 1995.
  10. Tannen, D. You Just Don’t Understand: Women and Men in Conversation. New York. Ballantine. 1990.
  11. Tufte, Edward R. Visual Explanation. Graphics Press. 1996
  12. Tufte, Edward R. Envisioning Information. Graphics Press. 1990
  13. Tufte, Edward R. The Visual Display of Quantitative Information. Graphics Press. 1983.
  14. Ury, W. Getting Past No. New York. Penguin. 1995.

  1. Chess C, Hance BJ, Sandman PM. Planning Dialogue with Communities: A Risk Communication Workbook. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University, Cook College, Environmental Communication Research Program; 1989.
  2. Covello VT, Sandman PM. Risk communication: Evolution and revolution. In: Wolbarst A, ed. Solutions to an Environment in Peril. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press; 2001 (in press):164-178.
  3. Fischhoff B. Helping the public make health risk decisions. In: Covello VT, McCallum DB, Pavlova MT, eds. Effective Risk Communication: The Role and Responsibility of Government and Nongovernment Organizations. New York, NY: Plenum Press; 1989:111-116.
  4. Fischoff B, Slovic P, Lichtenstein L, Read S, Combs B. How safe is safe enough? A psychometric study of attitudes towards technological risks and benefits. Policy Sciences. 1978;9:127-152.
  5. Hance BJ, Chess C, Sandman PM. Industry Risk Communication Manual. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press/Lewis Publishers; 1990.
  6. Johnson BB, Covello V. The Social and Cultural Construction of Risk: Essays on Risk Selection and Perception. D. Reidel Publishing; 1987.
  7. Kahnemann D, Tversky A. Prospect theory: An analysis of decision under risk. Econometrica. 1979;47(2):263-291.
  8. Krimsky S, Plough A. Environmental Hazards: Communicating Risks as a Social Process. Dover, MA: Auburn House; 1988.
  9.  Lofstedt RE, Renn O. The Brent Spar controversy: An example of risk communication gone wrong. Risk Analysis. 1997;17(2):131-135.
  10. McGuire WJ. Attitudes and attitude change. In:. Lindzey G, Aronson E, eds. The Handbook of Social Psychology. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley; 1985.
  11. Morgan G, Fischhoff B. Risk Communication: A Mental Models Approach. Cambridge University Press; 2001.
  12. Morgan G, Fischhoff B, Bostrom A, Lave L, Atman CJ. Communicating risk to the public. Environmental Science and Technology. 1992; 26(11): 2048-2056.
  13. National Research Council. Understanding Risk: Informing Decisions in a Democratic Society. Washington, D.C .:National Academy Press; 1996.
  14. Peters RG, Covello VT, McCallum DB. The determinants of trust and credibility in environmental risk communication: An empirical study. Risk Analysis. 1997;17(1):43-54.
  15. Powell D, Leiss W. Mad Cows and Mother’s Milk: The Perils of Poor Risk Communication. Montreal, Canada: McGill-Queen’s University Press; 1997.
  16. Renn O, Bums WJ, Kasperson JX, Kasperson RE, Slovic P. The social amplification of risk: Theoretical foundations and empirical applications. Journal of Social Science Issues. 1992;48,137-6.
  17. Rodgers EM. Diffusion of Innovation. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Free Press; 1983.
  18. Rosenstock IM, Stretcher VJ, Becker MH. Social learning theory and the health belief model. Health Education Quarterly. 1988;15(2):175-184.
  19. Sandman PM. 1989. Hazard versus outrage in the public perception of risk. In: Covello VT, McCallum DB, Pavlova MT, eds. Effective Risk Communication: The Role and Responsibility of Government and Nongovernment Organizations. New York, NY: Plenum Press; 1989:45-49.
  20. Siegrist M, Cvetkovich G, Roth C. Salient value similarity, social trust, and risk/benefit perception. Risk Analysis. 2000;20(3): 353-361.
  21. Slovic P, Krauss N, Covello V. What should we know about making risk comparisons. Risk Analysis. 1990;10: 389-392.
  22. Weinstein ND. Unrealistic optimism about future life events. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1980;39:106-120.
  23.  Weinstein ND. Unrealistic optimism about susceptibility to health problems. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 1982;5: 441-460.
  24. Wildavsky A, Dake K. Theories of risk perception: Who fears what and why. Daedalus. 1990;112:41-60.
  25. Wildavsky A, Douglas M. Risk and Culture: An Essay on the Selection of Technological and Environmental Dangers. University of California Press; 1983.